Efficient and abundantly available catalysts for biomass conversion were developed. For example, a cobalt based hydrogenation catalyst was developed for the conversion of biomass, a result that was published in Science.
Further, the development of new catalytic electrodes, highly stable fuel cell membranes, and fuel cells based on alternative fuels in direct fuel to electricity fuel cell technologies (NH3, urea, formic acid, methanol) have lead to important scientific breakthroughs with valorisation opportunities.
In the area of radical-type reactivity using first-row transition metal complexes, strategies have been published to control these radicals by using a combination of bio-inspired tools. This has resulted in a number of novel synthetic protocols that are outcompeting existing technology in terms of efficiency. The radical ring-closing reactions under mild conditions, hydro-carbon bond transformations, new concepts in polymer synthesis and in catalytic electro-synthesis all have been published in highly visible journals.
The development of new catalysts relevant for the conversion of solar energy and electrical energy into chemicals and fuels is a hot topic, and also in this area leading papers have been published, e.g. iron based hydrogenase mimics for hydrogen forming reactions in Science Advances.